Kertas-kertas yang disampaikan:
Dr. Martin Thompson : Exercise-Hypoxia Training: Does It Improve Sports Performance. dan Practical Consideration With Altitude Acclimatization: The Do’s and Don’ts
Dr Ahmad Munir : Physiological responses and Adaptation s to Altitude Training.
Prof Rabindarjeet Singh: Nutrition And Fluid Intake During High Altitude Training.
En. Ooi Cheong Hwa : From Genting To Kunming: Malaysian National Track Cycling Team’s Experience In Altitude Training To Enhance Endurance Performance.
Petikan dari brosur:
The higher you go through the atmosphere, the thinner the air becomes. Thinner air means less air resistance, so athletes who sprint, jump, or cycle will perform better at high-altitude venues. But thinner air also means less oxygen, so the pace of hard endurance training and competition- which depends on high rates of oxygen consumption-gets slower at such altitude.
If you live at high altitude for several weeks, your body adapts to the shortage of oxygen. The most important adaptation for the endurance athlete is an increase in the number of red blood cells, which are produced in response to greater release of the hormone erythropoietin (EPO) by the kidneys. Red cells carry oxygen from your lungs to your muscles. More red cells means your blood can carry more oxygen in the air. So to compete in an endurance event at high altitude, you should adapt to the said altitude for several weeks before the event.
But what about when you come back to sea level? Will the extra blood cells supercharge your muscles with oxygen and push you along faster than ever? That’s what should happen, but there are problems. When you first move to high altitude, and you may also suffer from altitude sickness (AMS). If you don;t adapt well to altitude, you may over train or loose muscle mass. Even if you do adapt well, you still can’t train with the same intensity as at sea level. The result? You detrain. When you come back down to sea level, you may do better or worse than before, depending on the balance between adaptations and detraining.